The Materials That MAKE Modern Firearms

Guns of all different incarnations have been around for a very long time. The oldest guns in the world were created in China in the 9th century after the introduction of black powder. Guns in the West didn’t come around until a long time after that, but the Gatling Gun made its debut 1862, and the Colt Revolver in 1836 are some of the most well-known weapons of the 19th century.

What are they made of? Mainly steel with metallic cartridges. Of course, those materials are still part of gun making today, but there are advances in firearm creation that our great-great-great grandfathers could have never dreamed of. Let’s look at some innovative firearms materials that the biggest names in the gun industry are using today. 


This material is one of the strongest in the world. The element is commonly found in the Earth’s lower layers, but to get it ready for production takes a ton of labor and man-hours. The expense is considerable, and one of the reasons it works so well in the firearms industry is that titanium is exceptionally corrosive-resistant. Plus, the strength-to-density ratio is off the charts in comparison to other metallic elements. Sig Sauer has the most gorgeous P238 Rainbow Micro-Compact gun that is finished with titanium and a rosewood grip.

Carbon Fiber

Carbon fiber has always been used in high-end machinery, but now it’s use in weaponry is becoming more common. The reason is that carbon fiber has a strength that surpasses steel, aluminum, and even the previously mentioned titanium. It’s like the “vibranium” of the real world for you Marvel fans. A historic company like Winchester even has carbon fiber weapons now, like their Super X3 Composite Sporting Carbon Fiber, a shotgun that dipped in carbon fiber for a super strong grip and modern feel. The lightweight factor without giving up any strength is what makes it a superior material in today’s gun industry. 


Kevlar is a type of protective material that is very resistant to heat. It also has a high-tensile strength that makes it more durable than steel. They use it in everything from gloves to body armor. This material isn’t so much about being a part of gun manufacturing, but the bullet-proof vests being made with it can withstand more trauma from impact than rifle-rated ballistic vests. 


This is a fancy way of saying “nylon” But this isn’t any ordinary nylon. The new techo-polymers used in gun manufacturing are a combination of super strong nylon and glass fibers. Plus, a lot more complex science goes into it that would be difficult and a little pointless to explain. They are used in AR-15’s and even the Smith & Wesson M&P Shield 9mm. It’s lightweight, easy to load, and the ultimate weapon for everyday carry.

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